Oven temperatures

by John Pope

Our guide to converting °C and °F, what to do with a fan oven, and the mystery of ‘gas marks’.

ThermometerJust about every food website in the world, along with the majority of recipe or culinary training books have an oven temperature conversion table.

Well, here is another one. Not just because I so love typing out tables of data, but also because this site contains a number of recipes and it seems only right to provide all of the info that you need to cook them in the same place.

I’ve added a separate column for fan assisted ovens in °C, the general rule is that you subtract 20°C (about 36°F) when using a fan oven.

°C °F
Water freezes 0 32
Water boils 100 212

Oven Temperatures

°C °C (fan) °F Gas Mark
Very cool 110 90 225 ¼
130 110 250 ½
Cool 140 120 275 1
150 130 300 2
Moderate 170 150 325 3
180 160 350 4
Moderately hot 190 170 375 5
200 180 400 6
Hot 220 200 425 7
230 210 450 8
Very hot 240 220 475 9

If you want to convert between any temps that aren’t listed here, don’t forget that you can always use Google for just about type of conversion, simply by typing the amount you want to convert and the from and to units into the search bar.


This article was moved from the authors former website, which is why some comments may predate the publication date.

68 thoughts on “Oven temperatures

  1. At last! I now have a proper conversion of gas regulos for my fan oven. I’ve been struggling for so long to get the correct temperature for my food. Many thanks judith

    • Glad that it helped Judith – It seems that the majority of temp conversion charts don’t bother to mention the fact that fan ovens need to be much lower than conventional ovens.

  2. hi john
    Thankyou so very much, brilliant. No more guessing cooking with a fan oven, (need it perfect for simnel cake! )recipe book about 50 yrs old so no such thing as fan ovens!! love the tip for calculating quickly as well – subtract 20 for fan oven. no more shakey baking. thanks again. Barbara

  3. Thanks for the temeratures. I have just purchased a new fan assisted/’normal’ oven. Do I also have to adjust the cooking time please, or do I just follow the instuctions, but knock the temperature down?

  4. Thank you so much for sharing this information with us. I had been used to a simple gas oven, then moved into a house with a fan-forced electric oven. There was no instruction manual available to teach me the intricacies of this, though! After several burnt offerings, I decided to search the web and was very grateful to come across this site. Shirley

  5. Hi! thanks for the NEW chart, i had an OLD chart from a circafan oven from 17YRS ago and wondered why nothing cooked correctly! the oven was a fan but its chart is completely different in conversion to yours i would say it was out about 20percent, my fan chart said gas 5 was 150c yours says 170c, i wondered why everything took longer in my new one. thanks again sheila

  6. Thank you so very much. I looked into every cook book I have and found nothing. You have answered my father’s dream of my baking lots of cakes for him so he thanks you too! xxx

  7. thank you mum found it difficult converting tempratures,as an avid baker this information is invaluable as she couldnt get any information in all her cookery books so big thank you to your sight.xxx

  8. Hi I have always cooked by gas but moved to a new apartment and it has fan assisted electric. I would like to know how i can convert temperatures from gas to electric Thank You

  9. Hi Rose,

    Just use the table above, the last column is the gas mark that you would normally use.

    Find the gas mark and then just follow the row across and set your electric oven to that temperature.

  10. I’ve just got a fan assisted oven and cooked a brisket of be with vegetables. Unfortunatley the veg didn’t cook through can you explain why this has happened?

  11. Hi,
    I’ve just moved and there is a fan oven in the house. It’s Hygena turbo Model AHY3220.
    I don’t understand the temp markings. They go up in 10s…starting at 0 and up tp 50.
    Can you give me some help please?
    Thanks in anticipation.

  12. Im using an old Mary Berry book for her traditional christmas recipe. The first two turned out ok with me adjusting the fan oven temp to what I thought, but were a bit dry. I read somewhere that you should reduce the temp by 25% to get the correct temp for a fan oven. However, I wanted to get it absolutely correct and, having found this conversion table, it seems to confirm that the 25% less rule is about right. Thanks for making this easier for me. Many thanks.

  13. I have recently moved house and don’t know how to convert gas mark to electric – I used to use a gas cooker but in my new house there is an electric one. The table above doesn’t help because the temperature dial goes up in ones, so 1 2 3 4 5 etc… I don’t think it is gas mark. The recipe I am using is for a tart base and I need to convert gas mark 7 to electric. Can anyone help?

  14. @ Lola – I have no idea how that works, maybe the best thing would be to use an oven thermometer to work out what the numbers on your dial mean. You can pick them up pretty cheaply from any kitchen shop.

  15. Hi I have exactly the same problem as Lola, my electric oven dial is numbered 1 to 10, surely there is a guide for electric ovens that simply states what temperature each number represents WITHOUT giving GAS conversion charts, please help

  16. @ Lola and Anne – I wish I could help you, but I have never seen an oven marked like that, I would guess that the numbers are equivalent to gas marks, but if not then I have no idea. Sorry

  17. We have recently had a new cooker the fan assisted oven has a rear fan but a top and bottom element I am experimenting at the moment the recommendation is bottom heat with fan for sponge cakes 180c but they burn at the bottom I am on my third cake mix any suggestions I am currently experimenting with each configuration top element Bot element both elements etc help!

    • You could try wrapping the bottom and sides of the cake tin with a couple of layers of tin foil – shiny side out.
      It will reflect some of the direct heat hitting those surfaces

  18. We have a new electric cooker which has the option of with or without fan. Without fan (conventional) set on, say 180, a portable oven thermometer in the middle of the oven reads 180. If the oven is now set to 160 with fan, (the equivalent) the portable thermometer still reads 180. Why is this?

  19. I have A Necht Electric Convection Oven and I have lost the instruction book can you please advise where I could get one or download one? Thanks

    Lucy

  20. Dear John, I have a fan assisted gas oven, if my recipe says cook on gas mark 5, do I need to reduce the temperature to gas mark 4 or 3.

    Thanks Eileen

  21. Just found this great site and was about to ask exactly the same as Eileen; if recipe says Gas Mk8 I reckon between 6 and 7 to allow for the fan?

  22. This site is fantastic! After a few disasters, last being apple crumble exploding all over the oven, I decided to check temps for fan ovens. I have never cooked with a fan oven before and this info is invaluable. Thank you very much John. Joy

  23. I have found this information very helpful but still can’t for the life of me understand why supermarkets don’t just print the extra temperatures for fan assisted ovens on the cooking instructions. Surely this would be easier as most ovens (intergral or freestanding) nowadays come fan assisted. The oven I have recently bought has a double oven with the lower being fan assisted and the smaller upper one being conventional type.

  24. Hi John , I would like to ask you if I did understand well what your saying. When the recipe calls for 180c/160c fan/gas 4, it means that I have to put my fan assisted oven on 160c., and 160c means gas 3. Thanks for your help very appreciated.

  25. Very good article, thank you John. I am interested to know what is a good temperature for slow cooking for long periods in a fan assisted oven. Lots of articles for slow cookers and likewise recipe books, but nothing for ovens.

  26. and how about halagon ovens? When cooking food do we take the “fan” assisted temperature. I was told to reduce temp by about 20oC but then I not sure if that is -20oc from the conventional oven temp or the fan assisted temp??

    Any advice greatly appreciated. As yet I dont see any temps on packaging for halogen ovens.

    • As a rough guide you should reduce the cooking temperature down by about 10% from the normal oven temperature.
      You will need to shorten the cooking time as well, you should probably start checking things after about 3/4 of the listed time is up.

    • As a rough guide, for halogen ovens, you should reduce the cooking temperature down by about 10% from the normal oven temperature.
      You will need to shorten the cooking time as well, you should probably start checking things after about 3/4 of the listed time is up.

  27. my electric oven doesnt show a brand or model and the oven temp. and has the numbers 1-5, do you think i should follow the gas mark conversion?

  28. Pingback: Parmesan Biscuits: Recipe «

  29. I have a an option of normal oven and fan. I have an oven thermometor inside the oven and it reads exactaly what the dial suggests example. dials says 200 degrees so does the the inside thermometer. When using the fan oven and set the dial to 180 the inside temp says 210. does this mean if something on the packing says cook in fan at 180 and mine is typically 30 degrees hotter inside as the inside oven thermometor suggests should i set the dial to 150 to get the desired temperature the packaging suggests? I

    • That is really quite odd.

      The temperature inside the fan oven should be the same as the temperature on the dial .

      The reason that things cook faster at a lower heat in a fan oven is not that it is actually hotter in there, just that the heat is more evenly distributed, and due to the effect of convection currents.

      We really aren’t sure, but are going to do some tests with a thermometer in a fan oven or two and see what results we come up with!

  30. hi ! ..when i bake cakes my sponges are too brown or black at the back.. and crunchie on top ! it says 180f for 20 -25min any advice ??

  31. Hii…I have a gas oven which shows just 10 to 50 on a knob…I really don’t know what is that .timer or temperature. ..accept this there is no number on any of knob…please guide …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


One Pingback/Trackback

    19 December 2012 at 8:12am
    [...] 1. Preheat oven to 160°C fan, or 180°C non-fan (If you’re ever confused ...
  • Parmesan Biscuits: Recipe «